Prof. Lavee Shimon
Born 1931, Berlin Germany;
Ph.D. 1960, Hebrew Univ.; Assoc. Prof
1970.; Prof. 1976; Emeritus 1999.
Floral Biology and differentiation, growth regulation, anthocyanine and
fruit development and orchard development of olives and grapevines:
Breeding and genetics of olive for table consumption and oil. Metabolic
models via tissue culture.
Breeding of olive varieties for different orchard forms, uses and
disease resistance. Olive training for mechanization. Optimization of
irrigation requirements. Self and cross pollination.
Abstracts of Current Research;
Cross breeding of olives for tree form for both table and oil olives, a
progeny of about 4000 crosses and self pollinated offsprings are
presently growing and monitored. Identification ofDNA sections related
to cycloconium resistance based on RAPD-PCR analysis of different
progenies is being performed. Genetic segregation regarding fruit
coloration and oil accumulation is studied using indicator clones of
the breeding program. Salinity resistance of cultivars and crossed
progenies is being determined in controlled saline solutions. A study
of interaction between salinity and verticilium wilt is showing varital
differences particularly in relation to tree age.
Sigma XI, Israel Botanical Society, Israel Tissue Culture Association,
American Society of Horticultural Science, Scandinavian Society of
Plant Physiologists, International Association of Plant Tissue and Cell
Culture, International Society for Horticultural Science, The Biblical
Fruit Society of Israel.
Honors and awards
- Scientist of the year award Volcani Center - 1971.
- Honorary Award for olive Research - Spain 1972.
- Wilson Popence Award for best paper in evergreens Amer. Soc. Hort.
Sci. - 1982.
- Elected member of the Italian Academy for olive - 1986.
- Elected corresponding member of the Italian Academy for grapevine -
- Breeders Award the Ministry of Agriculture Israel for cv. Bamea -
- Elected Fellow of the American Society for Horticultural Science -
- Elected corresponding member of the Academia Georgofili, Italy - 2000.
Representative articles and research interests:
The study on the floral biology of the olive indicated that the number
of flowers and distribution of inflorescences have only a minor effect
on the amount of developing fruits on the tree. Lavee, S., Rallo, L.,
Rapaport, H.F. and Troncoso, A. (1996). The floral biology of the
olive. 1. Effect offlower number, type and distribution in fruit set.
Scientia Hortic. 66: 149-158 and II. The effect of inflorescence load
and distribution per shoot on fruit set and load. Scientia Hortic. 82:
Breeding for resistance to Cycloconium yielded a field resistant
variety. Lavee, S., Harshemesh, H., Haskal, A., Meni, Y Wodner M.,
Ogrodovich, A., Avidan, B Wiesman, Z., Avidan, N. and Trapero, A.
'Maalot' a new orchard resistance cultivar to Peacock eye leaf spot
(Spilocaea oleagina cast.). Olivae 51-59. (also in Hebrew, Alon HaNotea
53: 446-452). Initial molecular studies revealed specific DNA segments
in correlation with the resistance to the disease. Merkuria, G.T.,
Collins, G Lavee, S., Sedgley, M. (2001).
Identification of genetic markers in olive linked to olive spot
resistance and susceptibility. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 126: 305-308.
Merkuria, G.T., Sedgley, M Lavee, S. and Collins, G. Development of a
sequence tagged site for the RAPD marker linked to leaf spot resistance
in olive. J. Amer. Soc. Hortic. Sci. (accepted for publication). The
interaction Rootstock/scion in relation to the level of orchard
intensification in olive showed that the rootstock has a minor effect
on tree performance in all levels of intensification regardless of the
varietal combination tested. Lavee, S. and Shachtel, J. (1999).
Interaction of cultivar rootstock and water availability on olive tree
performance and fruit production. Acta Hortic. 474: 399-401.